Children who can’t safely live at home deserve the best care while waiting for permanency. Every effort should be made to ensure that time in out-of-home care is as short as possible, which means children and youth need services to heal and their families need supports to stabilize. Foster care families and residential treatment facilities must be able to meet children’s every need while guiding the transitions to and from their care. Social workers must have the capacity and resources to oversee both the out-of-home care and the urgent return of the children to permanency. Each child in out-of-home care must be supported by every level of government and community resource. We must all do our part because children don’t stop developing for any intervention and every child needs constant, loving care.


  • LGBTQ Youth [Policy Topic]
  • Treatment Foster Care [Policy Topic]Traditional foster care and treatment foster care are distinct program models intended to serve different child populations. Children are referred to TFC programs to address serious levels of emotional, behavioral and medical problems. Treatment foster care is active and structured, and occurs in the foster family home. What people view as “traditional” foster care provides nurturing, safe, and custodial care for children who require placement outside of their family. The primary reason for placement in traditional foster care is the need for care and protection. The role of the foster parent is that of caregiver and nurturer. Treatment, if any, occurs outside of the foster home. Therapeutic care combines the treatment technologies typically associated with more restrictive settings and the nurturing, individualized family environment with foster parents who receive special training.
  • Title IV-E of the Social Security Act, Foster Care
    • [Legislation]
  • Title IV-E of the Social Security Act, Kinship Care
    • [Legislation]
  • Tribal Title IV-E Technical Assistance
    • [Legislation]
  • Residential Treatment [Policy Topic]
  • Seclusion & Restraint [Policy Topic]
  • Sex Trafficking from Foster Care [Policy Topic]
  • Older Youth [Policy Topic]

    • Promoting Adoption and Legal Guardianship for Children in Foster Care Act (113th Congress, H.R. 3205)
    • Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-351)


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