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Child and Family Services Review

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services mandates that federally funded state child welfare services be reviewed through the Child and Family Services Review (CFSR) process. These reviews are designed to assess each state's performance in three outcome areas:
Child Safety, Permanence, and Child and Family Well-Being.

Seven indicators of states' compliance were established:

Child Safety

  • Protection of children from abuse and neglect.
  • Safe maintenance of children in their own homes whenever possible.

Child Permanence

  • Permanency and stability in children's living situation.
  • Preservation and continuity of family relationships and connections.

Child and Family Well-being

  • Capacity of families to provide for children's needs.
  • Appropriate services to meet children's educational needs.
  • Adequate services to meet children's physical and mental health needs.
After a review is conducted, states have an opportunity to develop Program Improvement Plans (PIPs) that identify areas of accomplishment and respond to areas of needed improvement. In support of the states' improvement planning, R2P is undertaking a review of state findings, and identifying recurrent themes for each of the three key outcomes. Empirical findings, about related practices and programs associated with positive outcomes for each of the three key outcomes, are then systematically identified and reviewed.

Programs examined by R2P will include a "CFSR Symbol" indicating which of the three CFSR outcome areas the program addresses.

If you would like information about how R2P can assist you, please contact

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