Facts and Figures - 2002
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) provide current statistical data on juvenile arrests. The following statistical information provides additional evidence of the continuing rates of decline in almost every major category of crime:
The United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, through the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS), produces The Summary of Key Findings from Calendar Year 2000 Annual Report (released April 2002). This accurate and timely statistical data serves to inform child welfare practitioners and researchers on child maltreatment. Some of the significant findings from this report include:
- The juvenile arrest rate for murder decreased a remarkable 74% from 1993 to 2000.
- There were approximately 1,600 murders of victims under the age of 18 years in 2000. The last year in which this number was less than 1,600 was 1985.
- The juvenile Violent Crime Index arrest rate (murder, non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault) was at its lowest level since 1988 - 44% below its peak year in 1994.
- Only One-third of 1% of juveniles ages 10-17 were arrested for a violent crime in 2000 (no more than 1 in every 320 persons in this age range).
- Between 1994 and 2000, the juvenile Property Crime Index (burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson) rate dropped nearly 37% to its lowest level since the 1960's.
- Between 1980 and 2000, the arrest rate for all offenses reflected a 35% increase for juvenile females and a decline of 11% for juvenile males.
- 664,000 arrests of females were made in 1999. This figure now accounts for 28% of all juvenile arrests.
- The juvenile population in 2000 was 79% white and 16% black. In contrast, 42% of juvenile arrests for violent crime involved black youth. Black youth were also over represented in juvenile property crime arrests (27%).
- Despite the continuing decline in arrest rates, juvenile offenders in residential placement (n= 108,931 on 10/27/99) increased by 3% from 1997 to 1999 (the most recent available year for data). The total includes a 12% increase in placement of juveniles in a residential facility for a technical violation.
- School associated violent deaths have declined by 72% from 1992 to 1999.
The Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics released the sixth annual report in their series entitled America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2002 and some of the significant findings reflect the following:
- Approximately 879,000 children were found to be victims of child maltreatment. Maltreatment categories typically include neglect, medical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and psychological maltreatment. Almost two-thirds of child victims (63%) suffered neglect (including medical neglect); 19 percent were physically abused; 10 percent were sexually abused; and 8 percent were psychologically maltreated.
- The rate of child victims per 1,000 children in the population had been decreasing steadily from 15.3 victims per 1,000 children in the population in 1993 to 11.8 victims per 1,000 children in the population in 1999. The victimization rate increased slightly to 12.2 per 1,000 children in the year 2000.
- Victimization rates declined as age increased. The rate of victimization for children in the age group of birth to 3 years old was 15.7 victims per 1,000 children of the same age. The rate of victimization for children ages 16 and 17 was 5.7 victims per 1,000 children of the same age in the population.
- Approximately 1,200 children died of abuse or neglect in the year 2000-a rate of 1.71 children per 100,000 children in the population.
- Children younger than one year accounted for 44% of the child maltreatment fatalities and 85% were younger than age 6 years of age.
- As of September 30, 2000, there were an estimated 554,000 children in foster care.
- In 2000, there were 70.4 million children under the age 18 in the United States, or 26% of the total population. Children are projected to remain a stable percentage of the total population, comprising 24% of the population in 2020.
- The poverty rate for children living with family members has decreased substantially since 1993 when it reached a high of 22 percent. In 2000, 16 percent of children lived in families with incomes below the poverty threshold. This percentage, also observed in 1999, represents the lowest poverty rate among children since 1979.
- The birth rate for adolescents continued to decline in 2000 to 27 births per 1,000 females ages 15 to 17, representing the lowest rate ever recorded. The bulk of the drop in the adolescent birth rate occurred between 1991 and 2000, when it dropped by nearly one-third. The 2000 rate was a record low for the Nation.
- The percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-graders reporting illicit drug use in the past 30 days remained stable from 2000 to 2001. In 2001, illicit drug use in this time period was reported by 26 percent of 12th-graders, 23 percent of 10th-graders, and 12 percent of 8th-graders.
- Approximately 4 million youth suffer from a major mental illness resulting in significant impairments at home, school and with peers; it is estimated that 1 in every 5 youth (20%) in the juvenile justice system has serious mental health problems.
- The percentage of infants born of low birth weight was 7.6 from 1998-2000, up slightly from 7.5 percent in 1997. The low-birth weight rate has increased slowly but steadily since 1984. The rate from 1998-2000 was the highest since 1973.
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