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Home > Advocacy > State Fact Sheets for 2009 > Maryland

 
 

MARYLAND'S CHILDREN 2009

Maryland's Children At a Glance

 
 State Population. 1  5,618,344 
 Population, Children Under 18. 2  1,358,797 
 State Poverty Rate. 3  8.8% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Under 18. 4  11.6% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Ages 5-17. 5  10.3% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Under 5. 6  8.0% 
All statistics are for 2007.

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • In 2006, 11,505 children in Maryland lived apart from their families in out-ofhome care, compared with 10,867 children in 2005. In 2006, 24.9% of the children living apart from their families were age 5 or younger, and 27.6% were 16 or older. 7
  • Of Maryland children in out-of-home care in 2006, 21.7% were white, 72.0% black, 1.8% Hispanic, 0.1% American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 4.4% children of other races and ethnicities. 8

ADOPTION, KINSHIPCARE, AND PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN

  • Of the 1,329 children exiting out-of-home care in Maryland in 2006, 46% were reunited with their parents or other family members. 9
  • In 2006, 364 children were legally adopted through the public child welfare agency in Maryland, a 41% decrease from 620 in 2005. 10
  • Of the 11,505 children in out-of-home care in 2006, 2,279 or 19.8% were waiting to be adopted. 11
  • In 2007, approximately 42,717 Maryland grandparents had primary responsibility caring for their grandchildren. 12
  • Of the 11,505 children in out-of-home care in 2006, 10.4% were living with relatives while in care. 13
  • Of all Maryland children in kinship care in 2006, 22.6% were white, 67.9% were black, 2.8% were Hispanic, 0.3% were American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 6.4% were other races. 14

CHILD POVERTY AND INCOME SUPPORT

  • The total number of individuals receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in Maryland increased from 40,158 in March 2007 to 42,550 in March 2008, an increase of 6.0%. The number of families receiving TANF in March 2008 was 18,634, a 3.8% increase from March 2007. 15
In 2003, a family of three receiving only TANF and food stamp benefits in Maryland was at 41.2% of the federal poverty guideline. 16
  • In 2006, Maryland spent $357,073,217 in TANF funds, including 29.8% on basic assistance, 0.04% on child care, and 69.9% on nonassistance. 17
  • In 2007, Maryland spent $53,273,131 on WIC (the Special Supplement Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children), serving 123,868 participants. 18
  • In 2007, Maryland collected and distributed $474,869,470 in child support funds, a 2.8% increase from 2006. 19
  • In 2008, the fair-market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in Maryland was $1,102 per month. The wage needed to afford this rent was $21.19 per hour, working a 40-hour week. 20

    CHILD CARE AND HEAD START

    • In 2006, Maryland had a monthly average of 22,900 children served by subsidized child care; 20,500 children received subsidized child care in 2005, and 24,000 in 2004. 21
    • In 2008, to be eligible for subsidized child care in Maryland, a family of three could make no more than $29,990, which is equivalent to 40% of the state's median income. 22
    • As of early 2008, Maryland had no children on its waiting list for child care assistance. 23
    • In 2007, Head Start served 10,347 Maryland children, a 1.3% decrease from 2001. 24

    HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE

    • In 2005, 470,200 children younger than 19 were enrolled in Medicaid in Maryland- 54.8% of the total number of enrollees. 25
    • In 2005, 18,176 children were enrolled in Medicaid in Maryland on the basis of being in foster care. 26
    • In 2005, of the 18,176 children enrolled in Medicaid on the basis of being in foster care, 104 received Targeted Case Management services, and 601 received Rehabilitative Services. 27
    • In 2007, Maryland had 104,870 children enrolled in its State Children's Health Insurance Program, a 3.3% increase from 2006, when 101,552 children were enrolled. 28
    • In 2007, Maryland had 146,000 uninsured children, representing 10.5% of its child population. 29
    • In 2005, 6,844 babies were born weighing less than 2,500 grams, giving Maryland a rank of 35 nationally in percent of low-weight births (1 being the best, and 50 the worst). 30
    • In 2005, 547 infants under age 1 died in Maryland, giving it a rank of 32 nationally in terms of infant mortality rates (a rank of 1 being the best and 50 the worst). 31
    • In 2005, the birth rate for teens 15-17 in Maryland was 17 births per 1,000 girls; for teens 18-19, the rate was 56. This reflects a total rate of 32 births per 1,000 girls ages 15-19. 32
    • Cumulative through 2006, 30,252 adults and adolescents, as well as 319 children younger than 13, were reported as having HIV/AIDS in Maryland. 33
    • In 2006, an estimated 36,000 children ages 12-17, and 340,000 adults age 26 and older, were dependent on or abusing illicit drugs or alcohol in Maryland. 34

    VULNERABLE YOUTH

    • In 2006, 116 children aged out of out-of-home care in Maryland. 35
    • In 2007, 22,000 Maryland teens ages 16-19 were high-school dropouts. 36
    • In 2007, 8% of teens ages 16-19 were not enrolled in school and were not working. 37
    • In 2006, 13% of people ages 18-24 were not enrolled in school, were not working, and had no degree beyond high school. 38
    • In 2006, approximately 21,000 children ages 12-17 in Maryland needed but had not received treatment for illicit drug use in the past year. 39
    • In 2006, approximately 24,000 children ages 12-17 needed but had not received treatment for alcohol use in the past year. 40
    • In 2005, 38 Maryland children younger than 20 committed suicide, a rate of 2.37 per 100,000 children. 41

    JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION

    • In 2005, 37 children under age 18 were killed in firearm homicides in Maryland, a 21% decrease from 47 in 2004. 42
    • In 2007, 47,646 children younger than 18 were arrested in Maryland, a 3.5% decrease from 49,359 arrests in 2006. Of those arrests, 3,437 were for violent crimes and 1,387 were for possession of a weapon. 43
    • A 2006 census of juvenile offenders showed 1,104 children in juvenile correction facilities in Maryland. 44

    FUNDING CHILD WELFARE SERVICES FOR MARYLAND'S CHILDREN

    • In 2006, Maryland spent $498,274,967 for child welfare services. Child welfare services are all direct and administrative services the state agency provides to children and families. Of this amount, 41% was from federal funds, 59% from state funds, and 0.6% from local funds. 45
    • In 2006, of the $202,761,076 in federal funds received for child welfare, 61% came from Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance, 4% from Title IV-B Child Welfare Services and Promoting Safe and Stable Families, 13% from Medicaid, 10% from the Social Services Block Grant, 12% from TANF, and 1% from other federal sources. 46
    • Out of 11,505 children in out-of-home care in Maryland in 2006, only 1,398, or 12.2%, received Title IV-E federal foster care assistance. 47

    MARYLAND'S CHILD WELFARE WORKFORCE

    • A 2003 General Accounting Office (GAO) report documented that staff shortages, high caseloads, high worker turnover and low salaries impinge on delivering services to achieve safety, permanence, and well being for children. 48
    • The federal Child and Family Service Reviews have clearly demonstrated that the more time a caseworker spends with a child and family, the better the outcomes for those children and families. 49
    • According to the 2003 GAO report, the average caseload for child welfare/foster care caseworkers is 24-31 children; these high caseloads contribute to high worker turnover and insufficient services being provided to children and families. CWLA recommends that foster care caseworkers have caseloads of 12-15 children. 50

    NOTES AND REFERENCES

    1. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2007). Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (NST-EST2007-01). Retrieved online October 15, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    2. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Annual State Population Estimates by Demographic Characteristics with 6 Race Groups (5 Race Alone Groups and One Group with Two or more Race Groups): April 1, 2000, to July 1, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    3. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Current Population Survey, 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    4. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Current Population Survey, 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2007: People Under 18 Years of Age. Retrieved October 15, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    5. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Current Population Survey, 2007 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2007: Related Children 5 to 17 Years of Age. Retrieved October 15, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    6. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). 2007 American Community Survey, Data Profile. Selected Population Profiles: 2007. Retrieved October 29, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    7. CWLA. (2008). Special tabulation from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting System (AFCARS). Arlington, VA: Author. back
    8. Other races and ethnicities includes Asian, Pacific Islander, Hawaiian Native, unknown or unable to determine, missing data, and two or more races. CWLA, special tabulation from AFCARS. back
    9. Ibid. back
    10. Ibid. back
    11. Ibid. back
    12. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). 2007 American Community Survey, Data Profile. Selected Social Characteristics: 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    13. CWLA, special tabulation from AFCARS. back
    14. Ibid. back
    15. U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance. (2008). Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, Separate State Program-Maintenance of Effort Aid to Families with Dependant Children: Caseload Data. Retrieved October 16, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
    16. Calculations by CWLA, based on HHS. (2006). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program: Sixth Annual Report to Congress. Retrieved February 2, 2009. Washington, DC: Author.
      U.S. Food and Nutrition Service. (2005). Food Stamp Program-Annual State Level Data-State Level Participation. Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: FY 2003. Retrieved February 2, 2009. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
      Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. (2003). The 2003 HHS Poverty Guidelines. Retrieved February 2, 2009. Washington, DC: HHS. back
    17. Nonassistance is benefits provided to TANF recipients that are not considered assistance as defined by law and thus do not trigger the clock for lifetime limits on TANF benefits. Administration for Children and Families. (2007). Combined Spending of Federal and State Funds Expended in FY 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
    18. Food and Nutrition Service. (2008). WIC Program Participation and Cost. Retrieved November 24, 2008. Washington, DC: USDA. back
    19. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement. (2008). Preliminary Data Report FY 2007 (Preliminary). Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
    20. National Low Income Housing Coalition. (2008). Out of Reach. Retrieved, October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    21. Administration on Children and Families, Child Care Bureau. (2008). FFY 2006 CCDF Data Tables (Final, July 2008); Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Children and Families Served. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS.
      Administration on Children and Families, Child Care Bureau. (2007). FFY 2005 CCDF Data Tables and Charts; Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Children and Families Served. Retrieved November 22, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS.
      Administration on Children and Families, Child Care Bureau. (2006). FFY 2004 CCDF Data Tables and Charts; Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Children and Families Served. Retrieved November 22, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
    22. Schulman, K. & Blank, H. (2008). State Child Care Assistance Policies 2008: Too Little Progress for Children & Families. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. back
    23. Ibid. back
    24. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start. (2008). Head Start Program Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008. Retrieved October 6, 2008. Washington, D.C.: HHS. back
    25. Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. (n.d.). State Medicaid Fact Sheets. Retrieved October 6, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    26. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (n.d.). Medicaid Statistical Information System. Retrieved November 21, 2007. Washington, DC: HHS. back
    27. Ibid. back
    28. Smith, V.; Rousseau, D.; Marks, C.; & Rudowitz, R. (2008) SCHIP Enrollment in June 2007: An Update on Current Enrollment and SCHIP Policy Directions. Retrieved December 3, 2008. Washington, DC: Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. back
    29. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008.) Current Population Survey, 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Retrieved October 27, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    30. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Low birthweight babies: Number: 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2008. Baltimore: Author.
      Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Low birthweight babies: Percent: 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2008. Baltimore: Author. back
    31. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Infant Mortality: Number: 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2008. Baltimore: Author.
      Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Infant Mortality: Rate: 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2008. Baltimore, MD: Author. back
    32. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teen Births, by Age Group, Rate per 1,000: 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2008. Baltimore: Author. back
    33. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2006. Vol. 17. Retrieved October 6, 2008. Atlanta: Author. back
    34. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Office of Applied Studies. (2008). State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Rockville, MD: Author. back
    35. Children who age out of foster care are captured by the AFCARS emancipation data element. Children who exit care to emancipation are those who reach the age of majority according to state law by virtue of age, marriage, etc. CWLA, Special AFCARS tabulation. back
    36. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teens who are high school dropouts: Number: 2008. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Baltimore: Author. back
    37. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teens not attending school and not working: Percent: 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Baltimore: Author. back
    38. Annie E. Casey Foundation (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Persons Age 18-24 not attending school, not working, and no degree beyond High School: Percent 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Baltimore: Author. back
    39. SAMHSA, State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Healthback
    40. Ibid. back
    41. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (2008). Injury Mortality Reports, 1999-2005. Retrieved November 5, 2008. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. back
    42. Ibid. back
    43. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2008). Crime in the United States 2007 (Table 69). Retrieved November 5, 2008. Washington, DC: Author.
      Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2007). Crime in the United States 2006 (Table 69). Retrieved November 5, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
    44. Sickmund, M.; Sladky, T.J., & Kang, W. (2008). Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook. Retrieved November 5, 2008. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. back
    45. Examples of direct services include child abuse/neglect investigations, foster care, community-based programs, case management, and all such services required for the safety, permanency, and well-being of children. Examples of administrative services include management information systems, training programs, eligibility determination processes, and all services that provide the infrastructure supports for the public agency. DeVooght, K.; Allen, T.; & Geen, R. (2008). Federal, State, and Local Spending to Address Child Abuse and Neglect in SFY 2006. Washington, DC: Child Trends. back
    46. Ibid. back
    47. CWLA, Special AFCARS tabulation. back
    48. U.S. General Accounting Office. (2003). Child Welfare: HHS Could Play a Greater Role in Helping Child Welfare Agencies Recruit and Retain Staff. Retrieved January 27, 2009. Washington, DC: Author. back
    49. Ibid. back
    50. Ibid. back




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