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Home > Advocacy > State Fact Sheets for 2009 > District of Columbia

 
 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA'S CHILDREN 2009

District of Columbia's Children At a Glance

 
 State Population. 1  588,292 
 Population, Children Under 18. 2  113,720 
 State Poverty Rate. 3  18.0% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Under 18. 4  29.2% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Under 5. 5  8.2% 
All statistics are for 2007.

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • In 2006, the District of Columbia (DC) had 5,644 total referrals for child abuse and neglect. Of those, 5,077 reports were referred for investigation. 6
  • In 2006, 2,759 children were substantiated or indicated as abused or neglected in DC, a rate of 24.0 per 1,000 children, representing a 2.9% decrease from 2005. Of these children, 1,595 were neglected, 405 were physically abused, and 152 were sexually abused. 7
  • In 2006, two children in DC died as a result of abuse or neglect. 8
  • In 2006, 2,368 children in DC lived apart from their families in out-of-home care, compared with 2,505 children in 2005. In 2006, 18.9% of the children living apart from their families were age 5 or younger, and 35.3% were 16 or older. 9
  • Of DC children in out-of-home care in 2006, 0.5% were white, 90.0% black, 3.8% Hispanic, and 5.7% children of other races and ethnicities. 10

ADOPTION, KINSHIPCARE, AND PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN

  • Of the 941 children exiting out-of-home care in DC in 2006, 39% were reunited with their parents or other family members. 11
  • In 2006, 179 children were legally adopted through the public child welfare agency in DC, a 42% decrease from 310 in 2005. 12
  • Of the 2,368 children in out-of-home care in 2006, 630 or 26.6% were waiting to be adopted. 13
  • In 2007, approximately 6,164 DC grandparents had primary responsibility caring for their grandchildren. 14
  • Of the 2,368 children in out-of-home care in 2006, 15.8% were living with relatives while in care. 15
  • Of all DC children in kinship care in 2006, 0.8% were white, 93.8% were black, 0.5% were Hispanic, and 4.9% were other races. 16

CHILD POVERTY AND INCOME SUPPORT

  • The total number of individuals receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in DC decreased from 13,080 in March 2007 to 11,965 in March 2008, a decrease of 8.5%. The number of families receiving TANF in March 2008 was 5,385, a 6.3% decrease from March 2007. 17
  • In 2003, a family of three receiving only TANF and food stamp benefits in DC was at 39.9% of the federal poverty guideline. 18
  • In 2006, DC spent $193,357,600 in TANF funds, including 32.1% on basic assistance, and 67.9% on nonassistance. 19
  • In 2007, DC spent $7,171,835 on WIC (the Special Supplement Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children), serving 15,190 participants. 20
  • In 2007, DC collected and distributed $49,904,765 in child support funds, a 3.0% increase from 2006. 21
  • In 2008, the fair-market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in DC was $1,324 per month. The wage needed to afford this rent was $25.46 per hour, working a 40-hour week. 22

CHILD CARE AND HEAD START

  • In 2006, DC had a monthly average of 3,700 children served by subsidized child care; 3,800 children received subsidized child care in 2005, and 4,500 in 2004. 23
  • In 2008, to be eligible for subsidized child care in DC, a family of three could make no more than $40,225, which is equivalent to 95% of the state's median income. 24
  • As of early 2008, DC had no children on its waiting list for child care assistance. 25
  • In 2007, Head Start served 3,403 DC children, a 1.8% increase from 2001. 26

HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE

  • In 2005, 80,300 children younger than 19 were enrolled in Medicaid in DC-48.5% of the total number of enrollees. 27
  • In 2005, 4,624 children were enrolled in Medicaid in DC on the basis of being in foster care. 28
  • In 2005, of the 4,624 children enrolled in Medicaid on the basis of being in foster care, none received Targeted Case Management services, but 16 received Rehabilitative Services. 29
  • In 2007, DC had 5,146 children enrolled in its State Children's Health Insurance Program, an 8.3% increase from 2006, when 4,750 children were enrolled. 30
  • In 2007, DC had 7,000 uninsured children, representing 6.2% of its child population. 31
  • In 2005, the birth rate for teens 15-17 in DC was 40 births per 1,000 girls; for teens 18- 19, the rate was 100. This reflects a total rate of 63 births per 1,000 girls ages 15-19. 32
  • Cumulative through 2006, 17,372 adults and adolescents, as well as 189 children younger than 13, were reported as having HIV/AIDS in DC. 33
  • In 2006, an estimated 2,000 children ages 12-17, and 46,000 adults age 26 and older, were dependent on or abusing illicit drugs or alcohol in DC. 34

VULNERABLE YOUTH

  • In 2006, 166 children aged out of out-of-home care in DC. 35
  • In 2007, 3,000 DC teens ages 16-19 were high-school dropouts. 36
  • In 2007, 11% of teens ages 16-19 were not enrolled in school and were not working. 37
  • In 2006, 14% of people ages 18-24 were not enrolled in school, were not working, and had no degree beyond high school. 38
  • In 2006, approximately 1,000 children ages 12-17 in DC needed but had not received treatment for illicit drug use in the past year. 39
  • In 2006, approximately 1,000 children ages 12-17 needed but had not received treatment for alcohol use in the past year. 40
  • In 2005, one DC child younger than 20 committed suicide, a rate of 0.69 per 100,000 children. 41

JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION

  • In 2005, 19 children under age 18 were killed in firearm homicides in DC, a 32% decrease from 28 in 2004. 42
  • In 2007, 479 children younger than 18 were arrested in DC, a 9.6% increase from 437 arrests in 2006. Of those arrests, 66 were for violent crimes and 5 were for possession of a weapon. 43
  • A 2006 census of juvenile offenders showed 339 children in juvenile correction facilities in DC. 44

FUNDING CHILD WELFARE SERVICES FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA'S CHILDREN

  • In 2006, District of Columbia spent $267,136,644 for child welfare services. Child welfare services are all direct and administrative services the state agency provides to children and families. Of this amount, 38% was from federal funds, and was 62% from state funds. 45
  • In 2006, of the $100,453,651 in federal funds received for child welfare, 24% came from Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance, 2% from Title IV-B Child Welfare Services and Promoting Safe and Stable Families, 70% from Medicaid, 1% from the Social Services Block Grant, 2% from TANF, and 2% from other federal sources. 46
  • Out of 2,368 children in out-of-home care in District of Columbia in 2006, only 709, or 29.9%, received Title IV-E federal foster care assistance. 47

THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA'S CHILD WELFARE WORKFORCE

  • A 2003 General Accounting Office (GAO) report documented that staff shortages, high caseloads, high worker turnover and low salaries impinge on delivering services to achieve safety, permanence, and well being for children. 48
  • The federal Child and Family Service Reviews have clearly demonstrated that the more time a caseworker spends with a child and family, the better the outcomes for those children and families. 49
  • According to the 2003 GAO report, the average caseload for child welfare/foster care caseworkers is 24-31 children; these high caseloads contribute to high worker turnover and insufficient services being provided to children and families. CWLA recommends that foster care caseworkers have caseloads of 12-15 children. 50
  • In 2004, the minimum annual salary for a caseworker responsible for investigating reports of abuse and neglect in District of Columbia was $41,440; the median income for a family of four in District of Columbia was $56,067. 51

NOTES AND REFERENCES

    1. U.S. Census Bureau. (2007). Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000, to July 1, 2007 (NST-EST2007-01). Retrieved October 15, 2008, www.census.gov/popest/ states/tables/NST-EST2007-01.xls. Washington, DC: Author. 2. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Annual State Population Estimates by Demographic Characteristics with 6 Race Groups (5 Race Alone Groups and One Group with Two or more Race Groups): April 1, 2000, to July 1, 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2008, http://ndas.cwla.org/data_stats/access/predefined/Report.asp?ReportID=177. Washington, DC: Author. 3. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Current Population Survey, 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2008, http://pubdb3.census.gov/macro/032008/pov/new46_100125_01.htm. Washington, DC: Author. 4. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Current Population Survey, 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2007: People Under 18 Years of Age. Retrieved October 15, 2008, http://pubdb3.census.gov/macro/032008/pov/ new46_100125_03.htm. Washington, DC: Author. 5. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). 2007 American Community Survey, Data Profile. Selected Population Profiles: 2007. Retrieved October 29, 2008, http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DatasetMainPageServlet?_program=ACS&_submenuId=datasets_ 2&_lang=en. Washington, DC: Author. 6. Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. (2008). Child Maltreatment 2006: Reports From the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. Retrieved October 16, 2008, www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm06/table2_1.htm. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
  1. Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. (2008). Child Maltreatment 2006: Reports from the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. Retrieved October 16, 2008 online here and here. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  2. Ibid., retrieved October 16, 2008back
  3. CWLA. (2008). Special tabulation from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting System (AFCARS). Arlington, VA: Author. back
  4. Other races and ethnicities includes Asian, Pacific Islander, Hawaiian Native, unknown or unable to determine, missing data, and two or more races. CWLA, special tabulation from AFCARS. back
  5. Ibid. back
  6. Ibid. back
  7. Ibid. back
  8. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). 2007 American Community Survey, Data Profile. Selected Social Characteristics: 2007. Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
  9. CWLA, special tabulation from AFCARS. back
  10. Ibid. back
  11. U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance. (2008). Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, Separate State Program-Maintenance of Effort Aid to Families with Dependant Children: Caseload Data. Retrieved October 16, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  12. Calculations by CWLA, based on HHS. (2006). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program: Sixth Annual Report to Congress. Retrieved February 2, 2009. Washington, DC: Author.
    U.S. Food and Nutrition Service. (2005). Food Stamp Program-Annual State Level Data-State Level Participation. Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: FY 2003. Retrieved February 2, 2009. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
    Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. (2003). The 2003 HHS Poverty Guidelines. Retrieved February 2, 2009. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  13. Nonassistance is benefits provided to TANF recipients that are not considered assistance as defined by law and thus do not trigger the clock for lifetime limits on TANF benefits. Administration for Children and Families. (2007). Combined Spending of Federal and State Funds Expended in FY 2006. Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  14. Food and Nutrition Service. (2008). WIC Program Participation and Cost. Retrieved November 24, 2008. Washington, DC: USDA. back
  15. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement. (2008). Preliminary Data Report FY 2007 (Preliminary). Retrieved October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  16. National Low Income Housing Coalition. (2008). Out of Reach. Retrieved, October 21, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
  17. Administration on Children and Families, Child Care Bureau. (2008). FFY 2006 CCDF Data Tables (Final, July 2008); Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Children and Families Served. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS.
    Administration on Children and Families, Child Care Bureau. (2007). FFY 2005 CCDF Data Tables and Charts; Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Children and Families Served. Retrieved November 22, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS.
    Administration on Children and Families, Child Care Bureau. (2006). FFY 2004 CCDF Data Tables and Charts; Average Monthly Adjusted Number of Children and Families Served. Retrieved November 22, 2008. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  18. Schulman, K. & Blank, H. (2008). State Child Care Assistance Policies 2008: Too Little Progress for Children & Families. Retrieved November 10, 2008. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. back
  19. Ibid. back
  20. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start. (2008). Head Start Program Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2008. Retrieved October 6, 2008. Washington, D.C.: HHS. back
  21. Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. (n.d.). State Medicaid Fact Sheets. Retrieved October 6, 2008. Washington, DC: Author. back
  22. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (n.d.). Medicaid Statistical Information System. Retrieved November 21, 2007. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  23. Ibid. back
  24. Smith, V.; Rousseau, D.; Marks, C.; & Rudowitz, R. (2008) SCHIP Enrollment in June 2007: An Update on Current Enrollment and SCHIP Policy Directions. Retrieved December 3, 2008. Washington, DC: Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. back 31. U.S. Census Bureau. (2008.) Current Population Survey, 2008 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Retrieved October 27, 2008, http://pubdb3.census.gov/macro/032008/health/h05_000.htm. Washington, DC: Author. 32. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teen Births, by Age Group, Rate per 1,000: 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2008, www.kidscount.org/sld/compare_results.jsp?i=10. Baltimore: Author. 33. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2006. Vol. 17. Retrieved October 6, 2008, www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/2006report/table14.htm. Atlanta: Author. 34. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Office of Applied Studies. (2008). State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Retrieved November 10, 2008, www.oas.samhsa.gov/ statesList.cfm. Rockville, MD: Author. 35. Children who age out of foster care are captured by the AFCARS emancipation data element. Children who exit care to emancipation are those who reach the age of majority according to state law by virtue of age, marriage, etc. CWLA, Special AFCARS tabulation. 36. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teens who are high school dropouts: Number: 2008. Retrieved November 10, 2008, www.kidscount.org/datacenter/compare_results.jsp?i=440&dt=1&rt= 2&yr=8&s=a&dtype=&rtype=&x=148&y=2. Baltimore: Author. 37. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teens not attending school and not working: Percent: 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2008, www.kidscount.org/datacenter/compare_results.jsp?i=120. Baltimore: Author. 38. Annie E. Casey Foundation (2008). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Persons Age 18-24 not attending school, not working, and no degree beyond High School: Percent 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2008, www.kidscount.org/ datacenter/compare_results.jsp?i=130. Baltimore: Author. 39. SAMHSA, State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. 40. Ibid. 41. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (2008). Injury Mortality Reports, 1999-2005. Retrieved November 5, 2008, http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/mortrate10_sy.html. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 42. Ibid. 43. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2008). Crime in the United States 2007 (Table 69). Retrieved November 5, 2008, www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2007/data/table_69.html. Washington, DC: Author. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2007). Crime in the United States 2006 (Table 69). Retrieved November 5, 2008, www.fbi.gov/ucr/cius2006/data/table_69.html. Washington, DC: Author. 44. Sickmund, M.; Sladky, T.J., & Kang, W. (2008). Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook. Retrieved November 5, 2008, www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/cjrp/asp/State_Adj.asp. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 45. Examples of direct services include child abuse/neglect investigations, foster care, community-based programs, case management, and all such services required for the safety, permanency, and well-being of children. Examples of administrative services include management information systems, training programs, eligibility determination processes, and all services that provide the infrastructure supports for the public agency. DeVooght, K.; Allen, T.; & Geen, R. (2008). Federal, State, and Local Spending to Address Child Abuse and Neglect in SFY 2006. Washington, DC: Child Trends. 46. Ibid. 47. CWLA, Special AFCARS tabulation. 48. U.S. General Accounting Office. (2003). Child Welfare: HHS Could Play a Greater Role in Helping Child Welfare Agencies Recruit and Retain Staff. Retrieved January 27, 2009, www.gao.gov/new.items/d03357.pdf. Washington, DC: Author. 49. Ibid. 50. Ibid. 51. CWLA. (2006). State Child Welfare Agency Survey. Washington, DC: Author. U.S. Census Bureau. (2005). Median Income for 4-Person Families, by State. Retrieved, October 3, 2006, www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/4person.html. Washington, DC: Author.




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