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Home > Advocacy > State Fact Sheets for 2008 > New York

 
 

NEW YORK'S CHILDREN 2008

New York's Children At a Glance

 
 State Population 1  19,306,183 
 Population, Children Under 18 2  4,545,884 
 State Poverty Rate 3  14% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Under 18 4  19% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Ages 5-17 5  18.9% 
 Poverty Rate, Children Under 5 6  21.7% 
All statistics are for 2006.

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • In 2005, 42,728 children were substantiated or indicated as abused or neglected in New York, a rate of 15.6 per 1,000 children, and represent-ing a 4.5% decrease from 2004. Of these children, 91.5% were neglected, 11.2% were physically abused, and 3.9% were sexually abused. 7
  • In 2005, 75 children died as a result of abuse or neglect in New York. 8
  • In 2005, 30,420 children in New York lived apart from their families in out-of-home care, compared with 33,445 children in 2004. In 2005, 23.6% of the children living apart from their families were age 5 or younger, and 28.7% were 16 or older. 9
  • Of the children in out-of-home care in 2005, 19.8% were white, 47.9% black, 19.6% Hispanic, 0.3% American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 12.5% children of other races and ethnicities. 10

PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN

  • Of the 14,711 children exiting out-of-home care in 2005, 59.7% were reunited with their parents or other family members. 11
  • In 2005, 3,407 children were legally adopted through the public child welfare agency in New York, a 25% decrease from 4,258 in 2004. 12
  • Of the 30,420 children in out-of-home care in 2005, 9,568, or 31.5%, were waiting to be adopted. 13

KINSHIP SUPPORT

  • In 2005, approximately 121,670 New York grandparents had primary responsibility caring for their grandchildren. 14
  • Of the 30,420 children in out-of-home care in 2005, 15.8% were living with relatives while in care. 15
  • Of all New York children in kinship care in 2005, 8.2% were white, 58.2% were black, 23.4% were Hispanic, none were American Indian/ Alaskan Native, and 10.2% were other races. 16

CHILD POVERTY AND INCOME SUPPORT

  • The total individuals receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in New York decreased from 301,236 in March 2006 to 261,015 in March 2007, a 10.7% decrease. The number of families receiving TANF in March 2007 was 119,434, a 14.1% decrease from March 2006. 17
  • In 2003, a family of three receiving only TANF and food stamp benefits in New York was at 54.8% of the federal poverty level. 18
  • In 2006, New York spent $4,240,956,313 in TANF funds, including 38.3% on basic assistance, 2.4% on child care, 52.2% on nonassistance, and none on transportation. 19
  • In 2006, New York collected and distributed $1,457,168,830 in child support funds, an increase of 4.1% from 2005. 20
  • In 2006, the fair market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in New York was $1,076 per month. The wage necessary to afford this two-bedroom apart-ment was $20.70 per hour working a 40-hour week. 21

CHILD CARE AND HEAD START

  • In 2005, New York had an estimated monthly average of 127,600 children served by subsidized child care; 140,100 children received subsidized child care in 2004, and 142,700 in 2003. 22
  • In 2007, to be eligible for subsidized child care in New York a family of three could make no more than $33,200, which is equivalent to 58% of the state's median income. 23
  • In 2006, Head Start served 48,818 New York children, a 0.6% increase from 2005. 24

HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE

  • In 2004, 2,106,200 children younger than 19 were enrolled in Medicaid in New York, representing 43.1% of the total number of enrollees. 25
  • In 2004, 4,267 children were enrolled in Medicaid in New York on the basis of being in foster care. 26
  • In 2004, New York spent $47,052,308 on Medicaid services for children in foster care, and $11,027 per foster care enrollee on Medicaid services. 27
  • New York reported spending $9,274,184 of its total Medicaid spending in 2004 for children in foster care on targeted case management services. 28
  • New York reported spending $80,001 of its total Medicaid expenditures in 2004 for foster children on rehabilitative services. 29
  • In 2006, New York had 688,362 children enrolled in its Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), a 10.08% increase from 2005, when 618,973 children were enrolled. 30
  • In 2004, 20,393 babies were born weighing less than 2,500 grams, giving New York a rank of 28 nationally in percent of low-weight births (1 being the best, and 50 the worst). 31
  • In 2004, 1,518 infants younger than age 1 died in New York, giving it a rank of 18 nationally in infant mortality rates (1 being the best, and 50 the worst). 32
  • In 2004, the birth rate for teens 15-17 in New York was 14.2 births per 1,000 girls; for teens 18-19, the rate was 46.1. This reflects a total rate of 26.9 births per 1,000 girls ages 15-19. 33
  • Cumulative through 2005, 112,037 adults and adolescents, as well as 1,140 children under the age of 13, were reported as having HIV/AIDS in New York. 34
  • In 2005, an estimated 131,000 children ages 12-17, and 821,000 adults 26 and older, were dependent on or abusing illicit drugs or alcohol in New York. 35

VULNERABLE YOUTH

  • In 2005, 1420 children aged out of out-of-home care in New York. 36
  • In 2005, 61,000 New York teens ages 16-19 were high school dropouts. 37
  • In 2005, 15% of teens ages 16-19 were not enrolled in school, were not working, and had no degree beyond high school. 38
  • In 2005, approximately 76,000 children ages 12-17 in New York needed but had not received treatment for illicit drug use in the past year. 39
  • In 2005, approximately 81,000 children ages 12-17 needed but had not received treatment for alcohol use in the past year. 40
  • In 2004, 79 children younger than 20 committed suicide, a rate of 1.53 per 100,000 children. 41

JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION

  • In 2004, 69 children younger than 18 were killed in firearm homicides in New York, a 47% increase from 47 in 2003. 42
  • In 2006, 48,209 children younger than 18 were arrested in New York, a 0.35% increase from 48,377 arrests in 2005. Of the arrests in 2006, 3,227 were for violent crimes and 874 were for possession of a weapon. 43
  • A 2003 census of juvenile offenders showed 4,308 children in juvenile correction facilities in New York. 44

FUNDING CHILD WELFARE SERVICES FOR NEW YORK'S CHILDREN

  • In 2004, New York spent $2,067,066,079 for child welfare services. Child welfare services are all direct and administrative services the state agency provides to children and families. Of this amount, 66% was from federal funds, and 34% was from state funds. 45
  • In 2004, of the $1,361,188,358 in federal funds received for child welfare, 50% was from Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance, 1% came from Title IV-B Child Welfare Services and Promoting Safe and Stable Families, 18% came from the Social Services Block Grant, and 31% was from TANF. 46
  • Out of 30,420 children in out-of-home care in New York in 2005, only 16,497 children, or 54.2%, received Title IV-E federal foster care assistance.47 NEW YORK'S CHILD WELFARE WORKFORCE

  • A 2003 General Accounting Office (GAO) report documented that staff shortages, high caseloads, high worker turnover and low salaries impinge on delivering services to achieve safety, permanence, and well being for children. 48
  • The federal Child and Family Service Reviews have clearly demonstrated that the more time a caseworker spends with a child and family, the better the outcomes for those children and families. 49
  • According to the 2003 GAO report, the average caseload for child welfare/foster care caseworkers is 24-31 children; these high caseloads contribute to high worker turnover and insufficient services being provided to children and families. CWLA recommends that foster care caseworkers have case-loads of 12-15 children.50

REFERENCES

  1. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division. (2006). Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States and States, and for Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (NST_EST2006_ALLDATA). Retrieved online November 12, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  2. Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2007). Child Maltreatment 2005: Reports From the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. Retrieved online November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  3. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2007). Current Population Survey, 2007 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2006. Retrieved November 12, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  4. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2007). Current Population Survey, 2007 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2006: People Under 18 Years of Age. Retrieved November 12, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  5. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2007). Current Population Survey, 2007 Annual Social and Economic Supplement. Poverty Status by State: 2006: Related Children 5 to 17 Years of Age. Retrieved November 12, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  6. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2007). 2006 American Community Survey, Selected Economic Characteristics. Retrieved November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  7. Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2007). Child Maltreatment 2005: Reports From the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. Retrieved November 16, 2007 and table3_6.htm. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  8. Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2007). Child Maltreatment 2005: Reports From the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System. Retrieved November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  9. Child Welfare League of America. (2007). Special tabulation of the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting System. Washington, DC: Author. back
  10. "Other races and ethnicities" includes Asian, Pacific Islander, Illinoisan Native, unknown or unable to determine, missing data and two or more races. CWLA (2007) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  11. CWLA (2007) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  12. Ibid; CWLA (2006) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  13. CWLA (2007) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  14. U.S. Census Bureau. (2006). 2006 American Community Survey, Data Profile. Selected Social Characteristics: 2005. Retrieved online November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  15. CWLA (2006) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  16. Ibid. back
  17. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance. (n.d.). Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Separate State Program-Maintenance of Effort Aid to Families with Dependant Children: Caseload Data. Retrieved online, November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  18. Calculations by CWLA, based on U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2006). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program: Sixth Annual Report to Congress. Retrieved online November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: Author; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service. (2005). Food Stamp Program-Annual State Level Data - State Level Participation. Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: FY 2003. Retrieved online November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: Author; U.S. Department on Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. (2003). The 2003 HHS Poverty Guidelines. Retrieved online, November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  19. Administration for Children and Families. (2004). Combined Spending of Federal and States Funds Expended in FY 2004 Through the Fourth Quarter. Retrieved online, October 13, 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  20. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement. (2007). Preliminary Data Report FY 2006, State Boxscores for FY 2006. Retrieved online, November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  21. Pitcoff, W.; Pelletiere, D.; Crowley, S.; Treskon, M.; & Dolbeare, C. (2007). Out of Reach 2006. Retrieved online, November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: National Low Income Housing Coalition. back
  22. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement. (2007). Preliminary Data Report FY 2006, State Boxscores for FY 2006. Retrieved online, November 16, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  23. Schulman, K., & Blank, H. (2007). State Child Care Assistance Policies 2007: Some Steps Forward, More Progress Needed. Retrieved online, November 19, 2007. Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center. back
  24. Administration for Children and Families, Head Start Bureau. (2007). Head Start Fact Sheet. Retrieved online, November 19, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Administration for Children and Families, Head Start Bureau. (2006). Head Start Fact Sheet. Retrieved online, October 2, 2006, from www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/hsb/research/2006.htm. Washington, DC: HHS. back
  25. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2007). State Medicaid Fact Sheets. Retrieved online, November 26, 2007. Menlo Park, CA: Author. back
  26. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (n.d.). Medicaid Statistical Information System (MSIS). Retrieved November 21, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  27. Ibid. back
  28. Ibid. back
  29. Ibid. back
  30. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2007). FY 2006 Number of Children Ever Enrolled Year-SCHIP by Program Type. Retrieved online November 21, 2007. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. back
  31. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Low birth weight babies: Number: 2004. Retrieved online, November 21, 2007. Baltimore: Author; Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Low birth weight babies: Percent: 2004. Retrieved online, November 21, 2007. Baltimore: Author. back
  32. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Infant Mortality: Number: 2004. Retrieved online, November 21, 2007. Baltimore: Author; Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Infant Mortality: Rate: 2004. Retrieved online, November 21, 2007. Baltimore: Author. back
  33. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teen Births, by Age Group, Rate per 1,000: 2004. Retrieved online, November 21, 2007. Baltimore: Author. back
  34. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2005. Vol. 17. Retrieved online November 21, 2007. Atlanta: Author. back
  35. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Office of Applied Studies. (2007). State Estimates of Substance Use from the 2004-2005 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Retrieved online November 21, 2007. Rockville, MD: Author. back
  36. Children who aged out of foster care are captured by the AFCARS emancipation data element. Children who exit care to emancipation are those who reached the age of majority. CWLA (2007) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  37. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teens who are high school dropouts: Number: 2005. Retrieved online, November 26, 2007. Baltimore: Author. back
  38. Annie E. Casey Foundation. (2007). Kids Count. State Level Data Online: Comparisons by Topic: Teens not attending school and not working: Percent: 2005. Retrieved online, November 26, 2007. Baltimore: Author. back
  39. SAMHSA, State Estimates of Substance Useback
  40. Ibid. back
  41. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (2007). Injury Mortality Reports, 1999-2004. Retrieved online, November 28, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. back
  42. Ibid. back
  43. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2007). Crime in the United States 2006 (Table 69). Retrieved online, November 26, 2007. Washington, DC: Author. FBI. (2006). Crime in the United States 2005 (Table 69). Retrieved online, October 3, 2006. Washington, DC: Author. back
  44. Sickmund, M.; Sladky, T.J., & Kang, W. (2005). Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement Databook. Retrieved online October 3, 2006. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. back
  45. Examples of direct services include child abuse/neglect investigations, foster care, community based programs, case management, and all such services that are required for the safety, permanency, and well being of children. Examples of administrative services include management information systems, training programs, eligibility determination processes, and all services that provide the infrastructure supports for the public agency. Scarcella, C.A.; Bess, R.; Zielewski, E.H.; & Geen, R. (2006). The Cost of Protecting Vulnerable Children V: Understanding State Variation in Child Welfare Financing. Retrieved online, October 3, 2006. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. back
  46. Ibid. back
  47. CWLA (2007) Special AFCARS tabulation. back
  48. U.S. General Accounting Office. (March 2003). Child Welfare: HHS Could Play a Greater Role in Helping Child Welfare Agencies Recruit and Retain Staff. Retrieved online, January 14, 2005. Washington, DC: Author. back
  49. Ibid. back
  50. Ibid. back




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