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Home > Advocacy State Fact Sheets for 2004 > State Fact Sheets for 2002

 
 

MAINE'S CHILDREN 2002

State Population (2000)1    1,276,961
State Population for Children Under 18 (2000)2    301,238
State Poverty Rate (2000)3     8.3%
State Poverty Rate for Children Under 18 (2000)4   9%
State Poverty Rate for Children Ages 5-17 (2000)5   7%

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • In 1999, 4,450 children were reported as abused or neglected and referred for investigation in Maine, a rate of 15.3 per 1,000 children, representing a 52% decrease from 1998.6
  • In 1999, 4,154 children were substantiated or indicated as abused or neglected in Maine, a rate of 14.3 per 1,000 children, representing a 14% increase from 1998. Of every 1,000 children, 8.5 were neglected, 4.9 were physically abused, and 3.1 were sexually abused.7
  • In 1999, 3 children died as a result of abuse or neglect.8
  • On September 30, 1999, 3,154 children in Maine lived apart from their families in out-of-home care, compared with 3,363 children on September 30, 1998. In 1999, 24.7% of the children living apart from their families were age 5 or younger, and 18.8% were 16 or older.9

CHILD POVERTY AND INCOME SUPPORT

  • The total number of TANF individual recipients in Maine decreased from 53,873 in August 1996 to 25,842 in June 2001, a decrease of 52%. The number of families receiving TANF in 2001 was 9,579, also a 53% decrease from 1996.10
  • In 2000, a family of three receiving only TANF and food stamp benefits in Maine was 34% below the federal poverty guideline of $14,630.11
  • In 2000, Maine spent $107,762,171 in TANF funds, including 67.6% on cash assistance, 13.6% on child care, and 10.42% on transportation and support activities.12
  • In 2000, 67% of child support cases in Maine actually received some financial support, a 4% decrease from 1999.13
  • In 2001, the fair market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in Maine was $614 per month, or 75% of the average monthly income for a worker earning the federal minimum wage, and 77% of the maximum monthly TANF cash assistance grant plus food stamps for a family of three.14

CHILD CARE, HEALTH, AND FAMILY SUPPORT

  • In 1999, a monthly average of 8,890 Maine children were in subsidized child care.15
  • In 2000, 3,631 Maine children were served by Head Start, a .4% increase from 1999.16
  • In 1999, 89.3% of high school seniors graduated in Maine, whereas 86.7% graduated in 1998.17
  • An estimated 32,993 children in Maine are uninsured. Of these, 57% are potentially eligible for Medicaid, SCHIP, and other state-sponsored programs, but they are not enrolled.18
  • In 2000, the rate of births to teen mothers was 15 for every 1,000 girls ages 15-19.19
  • As of December 2000, 441 adults and adolescents, as well as 5 children under age 13, were living with HIV/AIDS in Maine, compared with 430 adults and adolescents and 7 children under age 13 in June 2000.20
  • An estimated 67,227 Maine residents need alcohol or substance abuse treatment.21

PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN

  • In 2000, 6,017 Maine grandparents were caring for their grandchildren.22
  • Of the 535 children exiting out-of-home care in 1999, 52.9% were reunified with their birthfamilies.23
  • In 2000, 203 children were legally adopted through the public child welfare agency in Maine, a 1% increase from 1999.24

JUVENILE VIOLENCE AND DETENTION

  • In 1999, 3 young people from birth to age 19 were killed in firearms homicides in Maine. Another 5 were determined to have committed suicide using a firearm, a 2% decrease from 1998.25
  • In 2000, 10,885 children were arrested in Maine, a 100% increase from 1999. Of the year 2000 arrests, 175 were for a violent crime, and 40 were for possession of a weapon.26
  • A 1999 census of juvenile offenders showed 242 children and youth in juvenile correctional facilities in Maine.27
For additional child welfare statistics, references, and pertinent notes, please visit CWLA's National Data Analysis System at http://ndas.cwla.org.

REFERENCES

  1. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2001). United States Census 2000. (Published June 13, 2001-August 22, 2001). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
  2. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2001). Current population survey, March 2001. Available online at www.census.gov/population/www/index.html. Washington, DC: Author.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Administration on Children, Youth and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Ten years of reporting child maltreatment 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Child welfare outcomes report: 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  10. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). U.S. welfare caseload information. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/stats/newstat2.shtml. Washington, DC: Author.
  11. Calculations by CWLA, based on Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program: Third annual report to Congress. Washington, DC: Author.; Food Research and Action Center. (2000). Federal food programs: Food Stamp Program-Monthly allotments and deductions, October 2000-September 2001. Available online at www.frac.org/html/federal_food_programs/programs/fsp_limits.html. Washington, DC: Author.; U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000). Annual demographic survey, March supplement: Poverty status by state and ten large metropolitan areas in 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  12. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) Program. Total of federal and state funds expended in FY 2000 through the 4th quarter FY 2000. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/ofs/data. Washington, DC: Author.
  13. Office of Child Support Enforcement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Child support enforcement FY 2000 preliminary data report. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/cse/pubs/ 2000/datareport. Washington, DC: Author.
  14. National Low Income Housing Coalition. (2001). Out of reach 2001: America's growing wage-rent disparity. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  15. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Child care and development block grant/child care and development fund: Children served in FY 1999 (average monthly). Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/press/2000/cctable.htm. Washington, DC: Author.
  16. National Child Care Information Center. (2000). State child care profiles. Available online at www.nccic.org/statepro.html. Washington, DC: Author.
  17. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000). Current population survey, March 2001. Available online at www.census.gov/population/ www/socdemo/educ-attn.html. Washington, DC: Author.
  18. Tang, S.; Yudkowsky, B.; & Siston, A. (2001). Children's health insurance status and public program participation. State reports, 1999 and 2001 estimates. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
  19. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000). Census 2000 supplementary survey. General demographic characteristics. Available online at http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/c2ss.html. Washington, DC, Author.
  20. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2000). National Center for HIV, STD and TB prevention. Divisions of HIV/AIDS prevention. Available online at www.cdc.gov/hiv/dhap.htm. Atlanta: Author.
  21. National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors. (1999). Alcohol and other drug treatment needs. Available online at www.nasadad.org. Washington, DC: Author.
  22. Census 2000 supplementary survey. General demographic characteristics.
  23. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Child welfare outcomes report: 1999. Washington, DC: Author.
  24. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Baselines for the adoption incentive program for adoptions finalized in FY 2000. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/cb/dis/adoptbase.htm. Washington, DC: Author.
  25. National Center for Health Statistics (1999). Data warehouse: Mortality tables. Available online at www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/ statab/unpubd/mortabs.htm. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  26. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2000). Uniform crime reports. Available online at www.fbi.gov/ucr/00cius.htm. Washington, DC: Author.
  27. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (1999). Statistical briefing book. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ ojstatbb/Cjrp. Washington, DC: Author.

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