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Home > Advocacy State Fact Sheets for 2004 > State Fact Sheets for 2002

 
 

ARKANSAS'S CHILDREN 2002

State Population (2000)1    2,678,030
State Population for Children Under 18 (2000)2    680,369
State Poverty Rate (2000)3     18.0%
State Poverty Rate for Children Under 18 (2000)4   27%
State Poverty Rate for Children Ages 5-17 (2000)5   23%

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • In 1999, 17,036 children were reported as abused or neglected and referred for investigation in Arkansas, a rate of 25.8 per 1,000 children, representing a 47% decrease from 1998.6
  • In 1999, 7,564 children were substantiated or indicated as abused or neglected in Arkansas, a rate of 11.5 per 1,000 children, representing a 13% decrease from 1998. Of every 1,000 children, 7.9 were neglected, 3.1 were physically abused, and 4.2 were sexually abused.7
  • In 1999, 9 children died as a result of abuse or neglect.8
  • On September 30, 1999, 2,919 children in Arkansas lived apart from their families in out-of-home care, compared with 3,064 children on September 30, 1998. In 1999, 27.2% of the children living apart from their families were age 5 or younger, and 19.1% were 16 or older.9

CHILD POVERTY AND INCOME SUPPORT

  • The total number of TANF individual recipients in Arkansas decreased from 56,343 in August 1996 to 27,375 in June 2001, a decrease of 51%. The number of families receiving TANF in 2001 was 12,093, also a 48% decrease from 1996.10
  • In 2000, a family of three receiving only TANF and food stamp benefits in Arkansas was 55% below the federal poverty guideline of $14,630.11
  • In 2000, Arkansas spent $112,328,239 in TANF funds, including 27.8% on cash assistance, 0% on child care, and 0% on transportation and support activities.12
  • In 2000, 46% of child support cases in Arkansas actually received some financial support, a 11% increase from 1999.13
  • In 2001, the fair market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in Arkansas was $456 per month, or 55% of the average monthly income for a worker earning the federal minimum wage, and 84% of the maximum monthly TANF cash assistance grant plus food stamps for a family of three.14

CHILD CARE, HEALTH, AND FAMILY SUPPORT

  • In 1999, a monthly average of 11,250 Arkansas children were in subsidized child care.15
  • In 2000, 10,316 Arkansas children were served by Head Start, a 2% increase from 1999.16
  • In 1999, 81.7% of high school seniors graduated in Arkansas, whereas 76.8% graduated in 1998.17
  • An estimated 139,018 children in Arkansas are uninsured. Of these, 77% are potentially eligible for Medicaid, SCHIP, and other state-sponsored programs, but they are not enrolled.18
  • In 2000, the rate of births to teen mothers was 83 for every 1,000 girls ages 15-19.19
  • As of December 2000, 3,613 adults and adolescents, as well as 35 children under age 13, were living with HIV/AIDS in Arkansas, compared with 3,456 adults and adolescents and 44 children under age 13 in June 2000.20
  • An estimated 371,186 Arkansas residents need alcohol or substance abuse treatment.21

PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN

  • In 2000, 32,789 Arkansas grandparents were caring for their grandchildren.22
  • Of the 2,160 children exiting out-of-home care in 1999, 49.0% were reunified with their birthfamilies.23
  • In 2000, 278 children were legally adopted through the public child welfare agency in Arkansas, a 40% decrease from 1999.24

JUVENILE VIOLENCE AND DETENTION

  • In 1999, 24 young people from birth to age 19 were killed in firearms homicides in Arkansas. Another 20 were determined to have committed suicide using a firearm, a 4% decrease from 1998.25
  • In 2000, 17,153 children were arrested in Arkansas, a 7% decrease from 1999. Of the year 2000 arrests, 492 were for a violent crime, and 229 were for possession of a weapon.26
  • A 1999 census of juvenile offenders showed 705 children and youth in juvenile correctional facilities in Arkansas.27
For additional child welfare statistics, references, and pertinent notes, please visit CWLA's National Data Analysis System at http://ndas.cwla.org.

REFERENCES

  1. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2001). United States Census 2000. (Published June 13, 2001-August 22, 2001). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
  2. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2001). Current population survey, March 2001. Available online at www.census.gov/population/www/index.html. Washington, DC: Author.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Administration on Children, Youth and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Ten years of reporting child maltreatment 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Child welfare outcomes report: 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  10. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). U.S. welfare caseload information. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/stats/newstat2.shtml. Washington, DC: Author.
  11. Calculations by CWLA, based on Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program: Third annual report to Congress. Washington, DC: Author.; Food Research and Action Center. (2000). Federal food programs: Food Stamp Program-Monthly allotments and deductions, October 2000-September 2001. Available online at www.frac.org/html/federal_food_programs/programs/fsp_limits.html. Washington, DC: Author.; U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000). Annual demographic survey, March supplement: Poverty status by state and ten large metropolitan areas in 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  12. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) Program. Total of federal and state funds expended in FY 2000 through the 4th quarter FY 2000. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/ofs/data. Washington, DC: Author.
  13. Office of Child Support Enforcement, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Child support enforcement FY 2000 preliminary data report. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/cse/pubs/ 2000/datareport. Washington, DC: Author.
  14. National Low Income Housing Coalition. (2001). Out of reach 2001: America's growing wage-rent disparity. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  15. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Child care and development block grant/child care and development fund: Children served in FY 1999 (average monthly). Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/press/2000/cctable.htm. Washington, DC: Author.
  16. National Child Care Information Center. (2000). State child care profiles. Available online at www.nccic.org/statepro.html. Washington, DC: Author.
  17. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000). Current population survey, March 2001. Available online at www.census.gov/population/ www/socdemo/educ-attn.html. Washington, DC: Author.
  18. Tang, S.; Yudkowsky, B.; & Siston, A. (2001). Children's health insurance status and public program participation. State reports, 1999 and 2001 estimates. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
  19. U.S. Bureau of the Census (2000). Census 2000 supplementary survey. General demographic characteristics. Available online at http://factfinder.census.gov/home/en/c2ss.html. Washington, DC, Author.
  20. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2000). National Center for HIV, STD and TB prevention. Divisions of HIV/AIDS prevention. Available online at www.cdc.gov/hiv/dhap.htm. Atlanta: Author.
  21. National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors. (1999). Alcohol and other drug treatment needs. Available online at www.nasadad.org. Washington, DC: Author.
  22. Census 2000 supplementary survey. General demographic characteristics.
  23. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Child welfare outcomes report: 1999. Washington, DC: Author.
  24. Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2002). Baselines for the adoption incentive program for adoptions finalized in FY 2000. Available online at www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/cb/dis/adoptbase.htm. Washington, DC: Author.
  25. National Center for Health Statistics (1999). Data warehouse: Mortality tables. Available online at www.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh/ statab/unpubd/mortabs.htm. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  26. Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2000). Uniform crime reports. Available online at www.fbi.gov/ucr/00cius.htm. Washington, DC: Author.
  27. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (1999). Statistical briefing book. Available online at www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ ojstatbb/Cjrp. Washington, DC: Author.

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