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Home > Advocacy State Fact Sheets for 2004 > State Fact Sheets for 2001

 
 

INDIANA'S CHILDREN 2001

State Population (1999)1    5,942,901
State Population for Children Under 18 (1999)2    1,528,991
State Poverty Rate (1999)3     6.7%
State Poverty Rate for Children Under 18 (1999)4   8.5%

CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • In 1998, 102,155 children were reported as abused or neglected and referred for investigation in Indiana, a rate of 67.3 per 1,000 children in the population.6  
  • In 1998, 18,962 children were substantiated or indicated as abused or neglected in Indiana, a rate of 12.5 per 1,000 children in the population. Of every 1,000 children in the population, 15.5 children were known to be neglected, 4 were physically abused, and 3.3 were sexually abused.7  
  • In 1998, 65 children died as a result of abuse or neglect.8  
  • In 1998, 4,989 children in Indiana lived apart from their families in out-of-home care. Of these, 31% of the children were age 5 or younger and 18% were 16 or older.9  
  • In 1998, 9,593 children exited out-of-home care.10  
  • In 1998, 799 children were legally adopted through the public child welfare agency in Indiana.11  
  • During 1998, $370,343,984, or $62.78 per capita, was spent on the public child welfare system, including federal, state, and local resources. Nationwide, $57.75 per capita was spent.12  

CHILD CARE, HEALTH, AND EDUCATION

  • In 1999, 13,057 of Indiana children were served by Head Start.13  
  • In Indiana, 83.5% of high school seniors graduated in 1998.14  
  • An estimated 190,307 children in Indiana are uninsured. Of these, 64% are potentially eligible for Medicaid, SCHIP, and other state-sponsored programs, but they are not enrolled.15   In 1997, 36% of births were paid for by Medicaid.16  
  • In 1998, the rate of births to teen mothers was 53.3 for every 1,000 girls ages 15 to 19.17  
  • Through June 2000, 5,720 adults and adolescents, as well as 51 children under the age of 13, in Indiana were living with HIV/AIDS.18  
  • In Indiana, an estimated 626,703 residents need alcohol and/or substance abuse treatment.19  

JUVENILE VIOLENCE AND DETENTION

  • In 1998, 92 young people ages 0 to 19 were killed by firearms in Indiana. Of those, 27 were determined to have committed suicide.20  
  • In 1999, 33,526 juveniles were arrested in Indiana. Of these arrests, 1,575 were for a violent crime, and 182 were for possession of a weapon.21  
  • In 1997, 2,485 juvenile offenders were in residential placement in Indiana.22   

INCOME SUPPORT

  • The total number of TANF recipients in Indiana decreased 32% from 142,604 in August 1996 to 96,854 in June 2000. The number of families receiving TANF decreased 33% to 35,068.23   
  • In 2000, a family of three receiving only TANF and Food Stamp benefits in Indiana was 47%24, 25   below the federal poverty guideline of $14,150.26  
  • In 1999, 28% of child support cases in Indiana received some sort of support.27  
  • In 1999, the fair market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in Indiana was $515,28   58% of the average monthly income for a worker earning the minimum wage,29   and 83% of the maximum monthly TANF cash assistance grant plus Food Stamps for a family of three.30, 31  
For additional child welfare statistics, references, and pertinent notes, please visit CWLA's National Data Analysis System at http://ndas.cwla.org.

REFERENCES

  1. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2000). Statistical abstract of the United States: 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing office.
  2. Ibid.
  3. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2000). Annual demographic survey March supplement: Poverty status by state and ten large metropolitan areas in 1999. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing office.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children's Bureau. (2000). Child maltreatment 1998: Reports from the states to the national child abuse and neglect data system. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing office.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid.
  9. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children's Bureau. (2000) Unpublished AFCARS data.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Ibid.
  12. Bess, R., Leos-Urbel, J., & Geen, R. (2001). The cost of protecting vulnerable children II: What has changed since 1996? Assessing the New Federalism occasional Paper No. 46. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute. Calculations by CWLA.
  13. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families. (2000). Head Start statistical fact sheet. [online]. Available: www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs. Washington, DC: Author.
  14. U. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (1997). Public school student, staff, and graduate counts by state, school year 1997-1998. [online]. Available: www.nces.ed.gov. Calculation by National Library of Education.
  15. Tang, S., Yudkowsky, B., & Siston, A. (2001). Children's Health Insurance Status and Public Program Participation. State Reports, 1999 and 2001 Estimates. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
  16. Tang, S., Siston, A., & Yudkowsky, B. (September 2000). Medicaid State Reports - FY 1998. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
  17. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (2000). Fact sheet: National teen pregnancy and birth data. [online]. Available: www.teenpregnancy.org
  18. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000). HIV/AIDS surveillance report. Vol.12, No.1. Washington, DC: Author
  19. National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors. (1999). Alcohol and other drug treatment needs. [online]. Available: www.nasadad.org.
  20. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, unpublished tabulations, Table III: Deaths from 282 selected causes. Calculations by Children's Defense Fund.
  21. U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2000). Crime in the United States: 1999. Washington, DC: Author
  22. Sickmund, M., & Wan, Yi-chun. (1999). Census of juveniles in residential placement: 1997 databook. [online]. Available: www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/ojstatbb/cjrp97/openpage.asp.
  23. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (2000). Change in welfare caseloads since enactment of new welfare law. [online]. Available: www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/stats/aug-dec.htm and case-fam.htm.
  24. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (2000). Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program: Third annual report to Congress. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  25. Food Research and Action Center. (2001). Federal food programs: Food Stamp Program-Monthly allotments and deductions october 1999 - September 2000. [online]. Available: www.frac.org/html/federal_food_programs/programs/fsp_limits.html. Calculations by CWLA.
  26. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Annual update of the HHS poverty guidelines. Washington, DC: Author.
  27. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, office of Child Support Enforcement. (2000). Child support enforcement FY 1999 preliminary data report. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  28. National Low Income Housing Coalition. (1999). Estimated state metro FMR's and related characteristics. (1999). Washington, DC: Author.
  29. U.S. Department of Labor (2001). The minimum wage [online]. Available: www.dol.gov/dol/esa/public/minwage/main.htm. Calculations by CWLA.
  30. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (1999). TANF report to Congress: Work-related provisions of state TANF plans. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  31. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food, and Consumer Service. (1999). Food stamp program monthly allotments and deductions. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.

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