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Home > Advocacy State Fact Sheets for 2004 > State Fact Sheets for 2000

 
 

Nevada's Children

State Population (1998)1
State Population under 18 (1998)1
State Poverty Rate (1998)2
Poverty Rate for Children Ages 5-17 (1998)2
  1,747,000
467,000
11%
13%

Child Abuse and Neglect

  • In 1997, 18,622 children were reported abused or neglected in Nevada, a decrease of 19.8% from 1990.3 Thirteen children died as a result of abuse or neglect in 1998.4
  • In 1996, 2,218 children in Nevada lived apart from their families in out-of-home care,5 a decrease of 13.6% since 1990.6
  • In 1998, public child welfare agencies in Nevada placed 50 children into adoptive homes, a 67.7% decrease since 1995.7

Child Health

  • According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, 105,277 Nevada children are not covered by health insurance throughout the year, and 34,461 Nevada children are enrolled in Medicaid, SCHIP and other state sponsored programs.8 In 1995, 27% of births in Nevada were paid for by Medicaid.9
  • In 1996, there were 6,840 pregnancies to 15-19 year old Nevada young women.10 Seventy-seven percent of the 3,402 births to these young women were out-of-wedlock.11
  • Through June 1999, there were 4,393 adults/adolescents and 36 children under the age of 13 in Nevada living with HIV/AIDS.12 Nationally, estimated AIDS incidences continue to increase overall.13

Child Care and Education

  • In 1998, 2,035 Nevada children, mostly under 5 years of age, were served by Head Start.14
  • In Nevada, 85.4% of high school seniors graduated in 199715 and 89.1% of high school seniors graduated in 1998.16

Violence

  • In 1997, 34 young people, ages 0-19, were killed by firearms in Nevada. In the United States, 12 children a day are killed by guns.17
  • In 1998, 13,806 children were arrested in Nevada. Of these arrests, 2.5% were for a violent crime and 2.4% were for possession of a weapon.18

Alcohol, Drugs, and Smoking

  • In 1997, 29% of Nevada high school students were currently using cigarettes.19
  • According to the state alcohol and drug abuse directors, 165,561 Nevada residents need alcohol and/or substance abuse treatment. 20

Income Support

  • As of June 1999, the TANF program provided income support for food, shelter, clothing and other essential living expenses for 18,308 recipients in Nevada.21
  • From January 1998 to June 1999, the number of Nevada families receiving TANF income support assistance fell from 9,862 to 7,380. The number of U.S. families on TANF fell by 38.4% during this period.22
  • In July 1999, the income of a family of three receiving TANF and Food Stamp benefits in Nevada was 41%23 below the federal poverty guideline of $13,880.24
  • In 1997, 23.0% of child support cases in Nevada collected support,25 up from 20% in 1992.26
  • In 1999, the average rent a family paid in Nevada was $688. A worker in Nevada earning the minimum federal wage would have to work 103 hours a week to afford this rent.27 This rent is 197.7% of the maximum TANF cash assistance grant of $348 per month.28

References

  1. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1999). Statistical abstract of the United States: 1997. (119 edition). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  2. U.S. Bureau of the Census. (1999). Annual demographic survey March supplement: Poverty status by state and ten large metropolitan areas in 1998. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Child Abuse and Neglect. (1998). Child maltreatment 1997: Reports from the states to the Child Abuse and Neglect. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  4. National Committee to Prevent Child Abuse (NCPCA). (1999). Current trends in child abuse reporting and fatalities: The results of the 1998 annual fifty state survey. Chicago, IL: NCPCA Publications.
  5. Curtis, P., & Petit, M. (1999). Child abuse and neglect: A look at the states. The 1999 CWLA stat book. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.
  6. Curtis, P., & Petit, M. (1997). Child abuse and neglect: A look at the states. The 1997 CWLA stat book. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.
  7. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children's Bureau. (1999). Adoption Incentive Program Data. [Online]. Available: www. acf.dhhs.gov/programs.cb. North American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC). (2000). Preliminary reports January-May 1999, state by state finalized adoptions. Minneapolis, MN: NACAC (* =NACAC totals, otherwise DHHS totals). CWLA calculations.
  8. American Academy of Pediatrics. (November 23, 1999). Health Insurance status of U.S. Children through age 18, year 2000 projections. Elk Grove Village, IL.
  9. The Kaiser Commission on the Future of Medicaid. (1997). Medicaid expenditures and beneficiaries: National and state profiles and trends, 1990-1995. Washington DC: Author.
  10. The Alan Guttmacher Institute (1999). Teenage Pregnancy: Overall Trends and State by State Information. [Online]. Available: www.agi-usa.org. New York, NY: Author.
  11. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (August 1999). Fact Sheet: Teen Pregnancy and Childbearing. [Online]. Available: www.teenpregnancy.org.
  12. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (1999). HIV/AIDS surveillance report. Vol.11, No.1. Washington, DC: Author.
  13. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (1996). HIV & AIDS trends. Washington, DC: Author.
  14. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families. (1999). Head Start statistical fact sheet. [Online]. Available: www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs. Washington, DC: Author.
  15. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (1998). Public school student, staff, and graduate counts by state, school year 1996-1997. [Online]. Available: www.nces.ed.gov. Calculation by National Library of Education.
  16. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (1997). Public school student, staff, and graduate counts by state, school year 1997-1998. [Online]. Available: www.nces.ed.gov. Calculation by National Library of Education.
  17. Children's Defense Fund (1999). Children and Guns: A Children's Defense Fund Report on Children Dying from Gunfire in America. Washington, DC: Author.
  18. U.S. department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1999). Crime in the United States: 1998. Washington, DC: Author.
  19. Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids. (2000). The Toll of Tobacco In the States. [Online]. Available: www.tobaacofreekids.org. Washington, DC: Author.
  20. National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors. (1999). Alcohol and Other Drug treatment Needs. [Online]. Available: www.nasadad.org.
  21. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (1999). Change in welfare caseloads since enactment of new welfare law. [Online]. Available: www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/stats/aug-sept.
  22. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (1999). Change in welfare caseloads since enactment of new welfare law. [Online]. Available: www.acf.dhhs.gov/news/stats/case-fam.
  23. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food, and Consumer Service. (1999). Food stamp program monthly allotments and deductions. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  24. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Annual update of the HHS poverty guidelines. Washington, DC: Author.
  25. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement. (1998). Preliminary statistical program status, FY 1997. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.
  26. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Child Support Enforcement. Calculations by Children's Defense Fund. (1994). The state of America's children yearbook: 1994. Washington, DC: Author.
  27. National Low Income Housing Coalition. (1999). Estimated state metro FMR's and related characteristics. (1999). Washington, DC: Author.
  28. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. (1999). TANF Report to Congress: work related provisions of state TANF plans. Washington, DC: Author. Calculations by CWLA.

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